Mrauk U was the capital of the Rakhine State
located near the Bay of Bengal. After the annexation by British,
the capital was moved to Sittwe and the city was known as
Mrohaung meaning ' The Old City '. The archaeological site
remains as the Open- air Museum of the arts and culture of the
people of Rakhine. Mrauk U is a place where cultural heritages
have flourished for many years. Mrauk U Museum is located near
the palace site. The ancient cultural crafts of Rakhine such as
stone sculptures, stone inscriptions, musical instruments and
various ancient relics are shown in the museum. The ancient city
was the last capital of Rakhine kings and now it has a lot of
famous ancient pagodas. The most famous pagodas are Shitthaung
Pagoda (the Pagoda of 80,000 images) built by king Minbin with
the big stones and slab; Koethaung Pagoda (the Pagoda of 90,000
images) built by King Min Theikha.
Pyay known as Prome is a town located on the
bank of Ayeyarwady river in lower Myanmar. The Prome was named
by British after they occupied Myanmar. It is easily accessible
by rail and by road from Yangon. The towering gilded Shwesandaw
Pagoda on a hill is the landmark of Pyay and visitors enjoy the
lovely views of the town and the river from the pagoda platform.
The town is surrounded by various pagodas and low hills in the
The ancient city site of Pyu Kingdom, Thayekhittya (Srikhitera) is only a few miles from Pyay. The Shwemyetman Buddha Image
wearing gold-plated spectacles situated in Shwedaung township is
famous all over the length and breadth of the country due to its
unique appearance with spectacles. Akauk Taung (the hill of
tax- collection) on the other side of the river bank of Pyay
where a number of Buddha images in sitting or lying positions
are carved into the riverside cliffs. The Buddha images are all
cut out of the rock in row by row. The Baw Baw Gyi Stupa in a
cylindrical shape built by King Duttabaung and the Be Be Temple,
not far away from the Baw Baw Gyi, with a seated Buddha image in
cross-legged position and two disciples on either side are also
places of interest.
Kachin is the northernmost State in Myanmar.
It is a mountain region and can boast of snow-capped Mt.
Khakaborazi ( 5881m ), the highest peak in Southeast Asia and
the Inndawgyi, the largest natural lake in Myanmar with a famous
pagoda and a large number of different kinds of animals and
plants. The Khakaborazi National Park offers trekking and
The capital city of Kachin State lies on the
western bank of Ayeyarwady River. Myitkyina central market is
prominent for the products of cotton fabrics and shoulder bags
with Kachin traditional style. Myitkyina is noted for the
Inndawgyi, the natural largest lake in Myanmar and the
Confluence called 'Myitsone ', one of the most beautiful places.
The Confluence is 43 km from north of
Myitkyina. Maykha and Malikha rivers meet at the confluence to
form the mighty Ayeyarwady river in the north of Kachin
State.The source of Ayeyarwady river, the confluence offers the
panoramic view with the crystal-clear water and the unspoiled
beauty is one of the most beautiful places.
Bhamo is a town of Kachin State located 186
km from Myitkyina and smaller than Myitkyina. Taking river boat
from Myitkyina to Bhamo and from Bhamo to Mandalay is an
enjoyable trip which passes through beautiful First Defile and
the Second Defile. The ancient city wall and natural hot springs
are places of interest.
Situated in the north of Myitkyina, the small
town is close to Mt. Khakaborizi, the highest mountain in
Southeast Asia and surrounded by snow-capped mountains and the
weather is cold all the year round. Putao is famous for the rare
flora and fauna such as Black orchids, Wild flowers, various
kinds of butterflies and other different kinds of rare animals.