Burma ) is situated in Southeast Asia sharing borders with
Bangladesh and India in the northwest, China in the northeast,
Laos in the east and Thailand in the southeast.
In the 11th century, king Anawrahta founded the First Myanmar
Empire. Under Anawrahta, Bagan rose to the height of its glory
and greatness. Thanks to his effort, Theravada Buddhism
flourishes in the country today. The art and architecture of
Bagan is unique and several temples and pagodas of Bagan period
still remain until today as an open-air museum, the biggest
archaeological site in Southeast Asia.
The Second Myanmar Empire was founded by King Bayintnaung in the
middle 16th century. He built the largest and the strongest
Empire in Southeast Asia at that time. The glory and greatness
of the second Myanmar Empire was recorded not only in Myanmar
chronicles but also in foreign's. Sir George Scott paid
Bayintnaung the greatest compliment, " Bayintnaung was a great
and his exploits surpassed those of King Anawrahta and even of
King Alaungmintaya. He not only united Myanmar but extended the
Myanmar power to the farthest limit it even had."
The Third Myanmar Empire was founded by King Alaugpaya in 1752.
Also he was the founder of the Konbaung Dynasty and successfully
united Upper and Lower Myanmar. After he conquered Lower
Myanmar, a small town Dagon was renamed Yangon ( anglicized
Rangoon ) where the Landmark of Mlyanmar, the Great Shwedagon
Myanmar covers 676, 577 square kilometers ( 261, 228 sq miles )
with a coastline of 2051 km ( 1275 miles ). Myanmar is formed
with 7 States and 7 Divisions and made up of over 100 different
ethnic groups and the Bamar is the largest group. The majority
of the people embrace Theravada Buddhism and there are also
Christians, Muslims, Hindus and some animists. Altogether over
100 national races of different inhabitants, traditions, culture
and religions of the Union of Myanmar live in harmony with each
Myanmar is called ' The Land of Pagodas' for many thousands of
olden golden pagodas and religious monuments scatter around the
country. And also it is known as ' The Golden Land' as Myanmar
is rich in culture and numerous natural resources such as flora
and fauna, rivers and lakes, traditional arts and crafts and
Of the many rives, Ayeyarwaddy, Chindwin, Thanlwin and Sittaung
rivers are famous and the most famous one is Ayeyarwaddy river
running from north to south which is originated form the
confluence of the two rivers, Maikha and Malikha in Myitkyina,
Yangon is Myanmar's main domestic and international hub for air,
rail and road transportation. It is the largest town and the
main gateway to Myanmar with nearly 6 million people. Other
cities worth a visit are Mandalay, Bagan, Taunggyi, Myitkyina,
Sittwe and a much to see.
Visitors will enjoy the unspoiled scenic beauties of the land
and warm hospitality of Myanmar people.