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Destination in Bagan


Bagan is the chief tourist attraction situated on the eastern bank of Ayeyarwaddy river in the dry central plains of the country. Temples, pagodas and religious ancient monuments of all sizes and shapes are scattered all over the area.

In the 11th century, king Anawrahta founded the First Myanmar Empire in the Bagan period. Thanks to his effort, Theravara Buddhism flourishes in the country today. Several temples and pagodas of Bagan period still remain until today as an open-air museum, the biggest archaeological site in Southeast Asia.

With over 2000 temples and monuments of the 11th to 13th century built in the traditional styles of ancient Myanmar architecture can boast of its richest archaeological site in the whole of Southeast Asia. The main product of Bagan is lacquerware making the best quality in Myanmar and produced nearby villages in Bagan. An outstanding among Myanmar handicrafts, foreigners interest and like lacquerware because of hand making.

Shwezigon Pagoda

Shwezigon, the most prominent stupa is now located in Nyaung Oo. It was built by King Anawrahta who left it in an unfinished state and the pagoda was completed by his successor King Kyansittha. This golden pagoda is prototype and an ideal model of later Myanmar stupas. It is a solid, cylindrical structure resting on three square terraces and the best example of Bagan period which shows the high-point of Myanmar stupa architecture.


Ananda Temple

The lofty Ananda Temple was built by King Kyansittha after the Shwezigon Pagoda. It is one of the largest and an architectural masterpiece of the early style temple. There are four huge Buddha images in the standing position on each side of the niches facing the entrance. The Buddha images represent the four Buddhas who had already attained Enlightenment. Ananda is full of architectural beauties and the terraces are decorated with glazed tiles showing Jakata scenes ( the life stories of the Buddha). The beautiful temple is the gracious and enrich artistic works with the excellent architecture.


Thatbyinnyu Temple

Built by king Alaungsithu in the mid 12th century, Thatbyinnyu is the highest temple that overtops all the other monuments in Bagan archaeological zone. The white structure, Thatbyinnu meaning the 'Omniscience of the Buddha ' rises to a height of 61 metres and one of the four significant monuments in Bagan. Thatbyinnyu is one of the earliest double-storeyed temples and transitional of later temples. Above the main building, there are three terraces embellished with crenellations and corner stupas. Visitors can enjoy the landscape of Bagan and a good view of the majestic Ayeyarwady river from the terraces of the Thatbyinnu


Dhammayangyi Temple

Built by King Narathu, Dhammayangyi is well known for its massive structure. The brick bondage system is excellent with the finest brick-work and that no pin-point is possibly shared in the mortar interposed between every two layer of brick. The construction was never completed for the king was assassinated while the construction of the temple was in progress. The mile-stone of Bagan monument zone, the incomplete Dhammayangyi is hard to see beautiful architecture, but it could bear the natural disasters in the course of time due to its great massiveness.



Gubyaukgyi Temple (Wetkyi-inn)

Gubyaukgyi Temple is lied near Wetkyi-inn village between Bagan and Nyaung Oo. Gubyaukkyi with a spire resembling the Mahabodhi temple of India is noted for its fine fresco depicting scenes from the Jakatas ( life stories of the Buddha ) painted on the interior walls. Decorated with fine fresco paintings regarded as one of the excellent, Gubyaukgyi is well provided with natural light and ventilation.




Gawdawpalin Temple

This graceful edifice from the 13th century is one of the highest temples in Bagan. It was built by king Narapatisithu in order to commemorate the ceremony of paying homage to the images of his ancestors. Gawdawpalin means ' Throne of Obeisance ' and it was a relief for the king to be able to seek pardon for insulting to his forefathers. This temple was left in an unfinished state by king Narapatisithu and it was completed by his son, King Htilominlo. Gawdawpalin is a double-storeyed temple of late Bgan period with a fine view of the Bagan plains.




Bupaya Pagoda

It is one of the major interesting sites located on the bank of Ayeyarwady river. The small pagoda in the shape of a gourd is resting on a base rock that looks like a gourd and that it was named Bupaya meaning ' Gourd Pagoda '. The original pagoda was broken down to sink in the river by a severe earthquake. So it was reconstructed in the shape and size of the original. Bupaya is one of the best places to enjoy the sunset view with a fine scenery against the natural background.




Archeological Museum

A two-storey building of modern architecture with traditional design is located near the Gawdawpalin Temple. A large number of collection of various archaeological items found in Bagan monuments such as Buddha statues of various styles and postures, wood and stone carvings, stone inscriptions, impressive paintings, the arts and handicrafts of Bagan period and other fine art works are on display there together with the fossils of bone and fauna of pre-historic ages. Bagan Museum is the best place to witness a number of historical artifacts and cultural interest and masterpieces of excavated objects housed in the building.


A great extinct volcano, Mt.Popa is known as ' Oasis of Dry zone ', about 50km away from Bagan. Over 5000 feet above sea level. Mt. Popa is the centre of god or spirit worship in Myanmar. The goddess of Popa known as Popa Mother lives on the crest and she looks after women and the family and much loved by her worshippers.

Mt. Popa is a national park with the natural exotic flowers, orchids and springs and designated as a forest reserve. A constant supply of water and minerals keeping it green and lush at all times. Popa is the most romantic and exotic region in Myanmar. The lovely hill is thickly wooded and the trees grow abundantly in the surrounding woods and it abounds in medicinal roots and herbs. Mt.Popa is worth a visit for those who are seeking to spend their vacation in a place with the comfort and the unspoiled nature and take refuge from heat in summer.


Pakokku is the typical Myanmar trading town situated on the western bank of Ayeyarwaddy river in central Myanmar. With big monasteries and well known pagodas, the town is famous for a colourful weaving industry, cheroot industry and produce rice, beans and tobacco and virginia tobacco plantations are thriving there. Over 100 years old wood carved monastery and many other ancient religious monuments can be seen in Pakokku.




Salay ( Sale)

Salay is a town lying on the eastern bank of Ayeyarwaddy river. This town produces famous plums called Salay Plum which are seedless and good quality. The most reputed one ' The Sale Yok Sone Kyaung ' is an all-teak monastery and it is one of the most beautiful in the country. Carvings with traditional motifs and the figures with varying postures of the Jakata ( life stories of the Buddha )and ordinary people are on display in the monastery.






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